The principles of diversity and geographical proximity in an industrial ecosystem: social network analysis in the Toluca- Lerma region


  • Manuel Alexis Vázquez Zacarías UANL
  • Eduardo Enrique Aguiñaga Maldonado ITESM
  • Elías Alvarado Lagunas UANL



Abstract. Industrial ecology allows the traditional model of industrial activity, where individual manufacturing process that takes raw materials in order to generate products, to be transformed into a more comprehensive model of a regional economy named industrial ecosystem. This ecosystem functions through industrial symbiosis alliances formed by firms that cooperate through the exchange of residues in order to use them as inputs to transform them into valuable products. Moreover, the principles of geographical proximity and diversity of the firms have been found in successful ecosystems in developed countries. This study contributes empirically by using social network analysis (SNA) methods to explore, the presence of these two principles in an industrial ecosystem in the Toluca-Lerma region in Mexico, consisting of 30 firms that have industrial symbiosis alliances. We conclude that in the context of developing countries, the symbiotic exchanges may not be fully explained with the principles of geographical proximity and diversity.

Key words: industrial ecosystems, industrial symbiosis, residues, social network analysis, wastes

Resumen. La ecología industrial permite que el modelo tradicional de actividad industrial, donde procesos individuales de manufactura utilizan materias primas con el fin de generar productos, se transforme en un modelo más completo de una economía regional llamado ecosistema industrial. Este ecosistema funciona a través de alianzas de simbiosis industrial, donde las empresas cooperan mediante el intercambio de sus residuos con el fin de utilizarlos como insumos para transformarlos en productos valiosos. Por otra parte, los principios de proximidad geográfica y diversidad de las empresas, propios de los ecosistemas industriales, se han encontrado en los ecosistemas de éxito en los países desarrollados. El presente estudio contribuye empíricamente, mediante el uso de análisis de redes sociales (SNA) para explorar la presencia de estos dos principios en un ecosistema industrial conformado por 30 empresas con alianzas de simbiosis industrial en la región de Toluca-Lerma en México. Llegamos a la conclusión de que en el contexto de los países en desarrollo, los intercambios simbióticos pueden no ser completamente explicados con los principios de proximidad geográfica y diversidad.

Palabras clave: análisis de redes sociales, basuras, ecología industrial, residuos, simbiosis industrial


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Cómo citar

Vázquez Zacarías, M. A., Aguiñaga Maldonado, E. E., & Alvarado Lagunas, E. (2017). The principles of diversity and geographical proximity in an industrial ecosystem: social network analysis in the Toluca- Lerma region. Revista Innovaciones De Negocios, 12(24).